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Fast 8/10-bit PWM DAC for the Arduino

Published: 11 November 2012
Last updated: 01 May 2022

Create a faster DAC with the FastPWMdac library

For the fast ADC see HERE.
For the SAMD21 see this article: Fast PWM-DAC library for the SAM15x15 and Arduino Zero.

The Arduino has no integrated DAC; to create analog output values, we have to use the standard Arduino function analogWrite(). This creates a so called PWM DAC, a PWM signal which has to be filtered with a low-pass filter. However, the standard analogWrite() function is very slow, don't use it anymore. The FastPWMdac library is much faster; these are the advantages:

  • The PWM frequency is 31250Hz for 8-bit instead of 490Hz for the standard analogWrite().
  • The resolution is 8-bit or 10-bit.
  • The low pass filter uses a much smaller capacitor; no elco required anymore
  • The settling time is reduced which has great benefits when the DAC is used in a control loop.

Fast 8/10-bit PWM DAC for the ArduinoFast 8/10-bit PWM DAC for the Arduino
Fast 8/10-bit PWM DAC for the ArduinoFast 8/10-bit PWM DAC for the Arduino

Library downloads

The FastPWMdac is just an interface on the TimerOne library from Paul Stoffregen.

The library TimerOne.h has to be installed too. Paul Stoffregen has further improved the TimerOne library: it support many Arduino boards and is faster.

Download the TimerOne library HERE

Download the FastPWMdac library HERE.

Using the PWM DAC

Output voltage

For a 5V supply voltage, the output voltage is:
Resolution 8bit: U = value * 5 / 255
Resolution 10bit: U = value * 5 / 1023


The resolution can be set to 8bit or 10bit.

void init(byte _timer1PWMpin, byte resolution);

  • For 8bit the PWM period is 32us / 31.25KHz.
  • For 10bit the PWM period is 130us / 7.8Khz. 

Output pins

For the Arduino Uno / ATmega328p, only the pins 9 or 10 can be used. For other Arduino boards see: TimerOne & TimerThree Libraries at


With a resolution of 8 bit and a 10k / 100nF low pass filter, these are the characteristics:

  • PWM frequency 31250Hz
  • Max ripple voltage 40mV
  • Cut-off frequency 160Hz
  • Settling time 0% ... 90% 2.3ms

Fast PWM DAC example program

The example program creates a sawtooth at pin 9:   

#include <FastPWMdac.h>
const byte dacPin = 9;
FastPWMdac fastPWMdac;
void setup()
{ //analogWrite(dacPin1, 127); // analogWrite is SLOW with period 490Hz
void loop()
{ fastPWMdac.init(dacPin, 8); // initialization for 8 bit resolution
  for(int i=0; i<256; i++) // use byte because of 8 bit resolution
  { fastPWMdac.analogWrite8bit(i); // sawtooth output, period = 31.25Khz
  fastPWMdac.init(dacPin, 10); // initialization for 10 bit resolution
  for(int i=1023; i>=0; i--)
  { fastPWMdac.analogWrite10bit(i); // sawtooth output, period = 7.8Khz